Differences Between African Pygmy Goats And Nigerian Dwarf Goats
Are you looking for a friendly, easy to care for and unique new pet? How about welcoming a miniature goat into your family? Yes, it is true; there are so many families in the U.S. that are rearing miniature goats as their pets. The miniature goat is one of the rarest of household pets. Now that you have made up your mind, another important decision remains. What type of miniature goat would you prefer to choose? Whether you want to rear them as pets, for milk or for meat, there are two popular types of miniature goats in America right now. One of these breeds is known as the African Pigmy while the other is the Nigerian Dwarf goat. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the major differences between the African pygmy goat and the Nigerian dwarf goat.Both the breeds of goats were imported from Africa in the early 1950s. Both these breeds share almost the same genetics. They have the same average weight and height. Pygmy goats will grow between 16 to 23 inches while the Nigerian dwarf will reach a height between 17-23 inches. Both types would weight between 50 to 85 pounds. Even the heights and weights of the two breeds were almost the same, they have distinctive body types. The pygmy goats were bred for their small stocky bodies. They have rounder bellies and shorter legs. These goats are considered meat animals due to this reason. The Nigerian goats have leaner bodies. They have the same body size as any other full-size dairy goat. This is why the Nigerian dwarf was considered for milk production purposes. Both these breeds of animals are docile. Hence, many families reared them as loving pets. Even though pygmy goats are mainly bred for meat purposes, they are also known for supplying their families with an ample supply of milk. Both these breeds share the same fun-loving, gregarious personality. This has helped draw in small farmers and hobbyist from across the country. Even the most serious personality will lighten up when they see these goats in action. The two varieties are known to have different colors. Black, dark brown and medium brown are the three basic colors of the pygmy goat. On the other hand, the Nigerian goat comes in a wide variety of colors. In addition to black and brown, the dwarf goat comes in a wide variety of colors such as gold, cream and white. They are also blue eyed, which is another interesting factor for an African goat. Color is one of the main factors when it comes to breeding the Nigerian dwarf goat. It is what has made rearing these goats so popular and interesting. You cannot be sure of the color of a baby dwarf goat until it pops out of the mother's sack. The dwarf goat is knee-high. Hence, they don't require so much of space to breed compared to their larger dairy goat counterparts. This is why they are considered one of the best practical choices for the small farm owner. The dairy characteristics of the Nigerian dwarf goats have become more defined within the past two decades. They have been able to offer a higher milk production during this period. They have been enjoying a rise in popularity over the African pygmy due to numerous reasons. Their colorful markings, small size, easy temperament and dairy characteristics are some of these reasons. Their small size means they don't require that much of space to feed and rear. This made them one of the most popular choices among small scale farmers. The temperament of the Nigerian goat is good compared to the pygmy. This has helped make them firm favorites as household pets. The gentle nature and friendly personality of the goat have made them excellent companion pets. This is why there are so many families in the U.S. that rear these goats as household animals. They are considered good 4H project animals for younger children. Nigerian dwarf goats are lovable, friendly and playful. Their engaging personalities, calm and even characteristics and good temperament make them the best companion for all in the house, whether they be adults, children disabled or the elderly. They make great animal projects and wonderful pets for younger kids in FFA or 4H projects. The Nigerian goat blends well with other farm animals, and don't require special quarters due to this reason. This is why the majority of farmers prefer to rear these goats. But they require adequate fencing in order to contain them because of their small size. The majority of Nigerian dwarfs would prefer to share pastures peacefully with other animals such as llamas, cattle, donkeys and horses. These goats require a dry and shaded shelter during hot and cold weather conditions. A large dog house would do fine for them. These breeds should never be housed in airtight buildings since ventilation is mandatory for optimal health of the animal. Many farmers would provider toys for the goats to play with. Large cable spools, tree stumps and rocks are best in this regard. Just make sure you keep the toys away from the fence in order to avoid easy escape. This is why good fencing is emphasized when rearing the Nigerian dwarf goat. Nigerian dwarf goats breed year round. The gestation period of the doe is about 150 days on average. The new baby goat would average about 2 pounds at birth, but would quickly grow. The dwarf goat can provide a surprising amount of milk for their size. The feeding should be done properly when rearing these types of goats. It will help increase the milk quantity even further. You need to give them necessary supplements at the correct time. Check for the mineral deficiencies in your area and give supplements accordingly. This will help the Nigerian dwarf goat grow healthily. The aforementioned article provides a comprehensive overview of the differences between the African pygmy and Nigerian dwarf miniature goats.
The domestic goat, also known as Capra aegagrus hircus, is one of the oldest domesticated animals in the world. Goats are an excellent source of milk, meat, hair, and skin. They are beneficial to humans whether they are alive or deceased. Additionally, since goats are widely farmed, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization recorded that there are more than 924 million species of goats in the world during 2011. Since goats are a source of numerous resources, there are a large number of people who are interested in investing in them. Buying your first goat, however, is not as easy as picking one out from a herd. There are health considerations to think of as well as other logistic requirements of goat raising. In buying your first goat,there are a few very important details that you must keep in mind. One of the first considerations is buying from a recognized breeder that tests their animals. There are a number of breeders that are accredited with industry regulators and expert organizations. This is important to ensure that the goat you are buying is healthy. Health TestingThese breeders test their goats regularly for diseases such as Caprine Arthritis and Encephalitis (CAE), Caseous Lymphadenitis (CL), and Paratubercolosis (Johne’s Disease). These diseases are common in goats. As these diseases are contagious to both goats and humans, buying a sick goat could endanger the health of those caring for them as well as other goats in the area. This means that you will be wasting your money on a goat that is not likely to survive. What’s more, you might also have to spend more money when you or your other goats get sick. Preparing Your Goat’s HomeAfter buying your first goat, you have to consider the space where the goat will stay. You will need a shelter where your goat will be comfortable and healthy. In some cases, the fences and shelters are either too small or not sturdy enough to cater the livestock. Basically, a goat fence should be around 4-feet tall. A sturdy goat fence should be either field fencing, cattle or hog panels, or reinforced with electric wire. In building a goat shelter, it is vital to consider the flooring, bedding, dimensions, climate, herd composition, storage, access to water, and general area for routine care. The recommended flooring is dirt or gravel since the materials are excellent for absorbing urine. The bedding has to be properly insulated so putting down three to four inches of wood shavings or straw is advised. As far as the dimensions of the goat shelter is concerned, goats typically require ten to fifteen square feet of housing if provided an outdoor area. The shelter must also be designed to withstand the climate of the area. Which means the climate will determine whether the shelter will be an open or closed goat shelter. The composition of the herd will be the determining factor on how big the shelter will become. It is also advisable to have a storage area in the goat shelter to make herding tools much more accessible. Lastly, access to water is vital since it saves time and energy from gathering water from a distant water source.Caring for Your Goat’s HealthIt is imperative to monitor the health of the goat. There are many methods in checking for a sick goat. A farmer must be well aware of the difference in the goat’s behavior. Particularly in its moaning and bleating. Typically, healthy goats are quiet animals that are full of energy. Sick goats, on the other hand, tend to be dull and have a certain bleat that indicates that they are ill. It is important to recognize these signs so that you can attend to their needs immediately. For instance, Goats who are suffering from lice can already receive Cythion at a monthly interval. A solution of 5% Sevin dust is given for goats with dry skin and flaky dandruff. It is also important to note that goats are highly uncomfortable during the summer. This is a time when they need more attention. Be extra watchful for signs of dullness or sluggishness. It is all the more necessary for you to keep their shelter comfortable to make the summer heat bearable. To counter the heat, you have to keep your goats cool by ensuring that they have ample supply of water. Other ways to keep them cool would be to freeze their vitamins and supplements and then mix them into the goats’ water bucket to drink. It would also help to spray the goats with cold water daily. Be careful, however, of using ice cold water as you can shock them with the extreme change in temperature. Making a Wise Investment in GoatsWhen you keep the reminders above in mind when you invest in goats, you have a good chance at making the most of your investment. Buying your first goat from a respectable breeder who tests for CAE, CL, and Johne’s disease gives you a great start. What you do after you buy your goat, however, will have an impact on whether or not you will succeed in goat raising. Be sure to learn everything you can about proper goat raising to increase your chances of having a growing herd of healthy goats. You can then start reaping the benefits of your investment. Note that this will take some time and a lot of effort on your part. Be ready with the knowledge and tools to make the endeavor worthwhile. There is no denying that goats are some of the most useful animals around. Wanting to cash in on this fact is but natural. More than the profits, you have to carefully think about whether or not you are ready for the responsibility of goat raising. You cannot expect to earn your fortune right after you bring your first goat home. Do your homework and find out everything you can about raising goats for profit. Put in the elbow grease to make sure that your goats have the provisions they need. Pretty soon, you will start seeing the results of your hard work.