© 2017 Amber Waves All Rights Reserved

Considerations When Buying Your First Goat

The   domestic   goat,   also   known   as   Capra   aegagrus   hircus,   is   one   of   the   oldest   domesticated   animals   in   the   world. Goats   are   an   excellent   source   of   milk,   meat,   hair,   and   skin.   They   are   beneficial   to   humans   whether   they   are   alive   or deceased.   Additionally,   since   goats   are   widely   farmed,   the   United   Nations   Food   and   Agriculture   Organization recorded that there are more than 924 million species of goats in the world during 2011. Since   goats   are   a   source   of   numerous   resources,   there   are   a   large   number   of   people   who   are   interested   in   investing in   them.      Buying   your   first   goat,   however,   is   not   as   easy   as   picking   one   out   from   a   herd.      There   are   health considerations to think of as well as other logistic requirements of goat raising.  In   buying   your   first   goat,    there   are   a   few   very   important   details   that   you   must   keep   in   mind.      One   of   the   first considerations   is   buying   from   a   recognized   breeder   that   tests   their   animals.   There   are   a   number   of   breeders   that are   accredited   with   industry   regulators   and   expert   organizations.      This   is   important   to   ensure   that   the   goat   you   are buying is healthy.  Health Testing These   breeders   test   their   goats   regularly   for   diseases   such   as   Caprine   Arthritis   and   Encephalitis   (CAE),   Caseous Lymphadenitis   (CL),   and   Paratubercolosis   (Johne’s   Disease).   These   diseases   are   common   in   goats.      As   these diseases   are   contagious   to   both   goats   and   humans,   buying   a   sick   goat   could   endanger   the   health   of   those   caring   for them   as   well   as   other   goats   in   the   area.      This   means   that   you   will   be   wasting   your   money   on   a   goat   that   is   not likely to survive.  What’s more, you might also have to spend more money when you or your other goats get sick.  Preparing Your Goat’s Home After   buying   your   first   goat,   you   have   to   consider   the   space   where   the   goat   will   stay.      You   will   need   a   shelter   where your   goat   will   be   comfortable   and   healthy.      In   some   cases,   the   fences   and   shelters   are   either   too   small   or   not sturdy   enough   to   cater   the   livestock.   Basically,   a   goat   fence   should   be   around   4-feet   tall.   A   sturdy   goat   fence should   be   either   field   fencing,   cattle   or   hog   panels,   or   reinforced   with   electric   wire.   In   building   a   goat   shelter,   it   is vital   to   consider   the   flooring,   bedding,   dimensions,   climate,   herd   composition,   storage,   access   to   water,   and   general area for routine care. The   recommended   flooring   is   dirt   or   gravel   since   the   materials   are   excellent   for   absorbing   urine.   The   bedding   has   to be   properly   insulated   so   putting   down   three   to   four   inches   of   wood   shavings   or   straw   is   advised.      As   far   as   the dimensions   of   the   goat   shelter   is   concerned,   goats   typically   require   ten   to   fifteen   square   feet   of   housing   if   provided an outdoor area. The   shelter   must   also   be   designed   to   withstand   the   climate   of   the   area.   Which   means   the   climate   will   determine whether   the   shelter   will   be   an   open   or   closed   goat   shelter.   The   composition   of   the   herd   will   be   the   determining factor   on   how   big   the   shelter   will   become.   It   is   also   advisable   to   have   a   storage   area   in   the   goat   shelter   to   make herding   tools   much   more   accessible.   Lastly,   access   to   water   is   vital   since   it   saves   time   and   energy   from   gathering water from a distant water source. Caring for Your Goat’s Health It   is   imperative   to   monitor   the   health   of   the   goat.   There   are   many   methods   in   checking   for   a   sick   goat.      A   farmer must   be   well   aware   of   the   difference   in   the   goat’s   behavior.      Particularly   in   its   moaning   and   bleating.      Typically, healthy   goats   are   quiet   animals   that   are   full   of   energy.      Sick   goats,   on   the   other   hand,   tend   to   be   dull   and   have   a certain   bleat   that   indicates   that   they   are   ill.      It   is   important   to   recognize   these   signs   so   that   you   can   attend   to   their needs   immediately.      For   instance,   Goats   who   are   suffering   from   lice   can   already   receive   Cythion   at   a   monthly interval.  A solution of 5% Sevin dust is given for goats with dry skin and flaky dandruff.  It   is   also   important   to   note   that   goats   are   highly   uncomfortable   during   the   summer.      This   is   a   time   when   they   need more   attention.      Be   extra   watchful   for   signs   of   dullness   or   sluggishness.      It   is   all   the   more   necessary   for   you   to keep   their   shelter   comfortable   to   make   the   summer   heat   bearable.      To   counter   the   heat,   you   have   to   keep   your goats   cool   by   ensuring   that   they   have   ample   supply   of   water.      Other   ways   to   keep   them   cool   would   be   to   freeze their   vitamins   and   supplements   and   then   mix   them   into   the   goats’   water   bucket   to   drink.      It   would   also   help   to spray   the   goats   with   cold   water   daily.      Be   careful,   however,   of   using   ice   cold   water   as   you   can   shock   them   with   the extreme change in temperature.  Making a Wise Investment in Goats When   you   keep   the   reminders   above   in   mind   when   you   invest   in   goats,   you   have   a   good   chance   at   making   the most   of   your   investment.      Buying   your   first   goat   from   a   respectable   breeder   who   tests   for   CAE,   CL,   and   Johne’s disease   gives   you   a   great   start.      What   you   do   after   you   buy   your   goat,   however,   will   have   an   impact   on   whether   or not   you   will   succeed   in   goat   raising.      Be   sure   to   learn   everything   you   can   about   proper   goat   raising   to   increase   your chances   of   having   a   growing   herd   of   healthy   goats.      You   can   then   start   reaping   the   benefits   of   your   investment.     Note   that   this   will   take   some   time   and   a   lot   of   effort   on   your   part.      Be   ready   with   the   knowledge   and   tools   to   make the endeavor worthwhile.  There   is   no   denying   that   goats   are   some   of   the   most   useful   animals   around.      Wanting   to   cash   in   on   this   fact   is   but natural.      More   than   the   profits,   you   have   to   carefully   think   about   whether   or   not   you   are   ready   for   the   responsibility of   goat   raising.      You   cannot   expect   to   earn   your   fortune   right   after   you   bring   your   first   goat   home.      Do   your homework   and   find   out   everything   you   can   about   raising   goats   for   profit.      Put   in   the   elbow   grease   to   make   sure that your goats have the provisions they need.  Pretty soon, you will start seeing the results of your hard work.

Considerations When

Buying your First Goat

© 2016 Amber Waves All Rights Reserved

Considerations When Buying

Your First Goat

The    domestic    goat,    also    known    as    Capra    aegagrus hircus,   is   one   of   the   oldest   domesticated   animals   in   the world.   Goats   are   an   excellent   source   of   milk,   meat,   hair, and   skin.   They   are   beneficial   to   humans   whether   they are    alive    or    deceased.    Additionally,    since    goats    are widely   farmed,   the   United   Nations   Food   and   Agriculture Organization   recorded   that   there   are   more   than   924 million species of goats in the world during 2011. Since   goats   are   a   source   of   numerous   resources,   there are   a   large   number   of   people   who   are   interested   in investing   in   them.      Buying   your   first   goat,   however,   is not   as   easy   as   picking   one   out   from   a   herd.      There   are health   considerations   to   think   of   as   well   as   other   logistic requirements of goat raising.  In    buying    your    first    goat,     there    are    a    few    very important   details   that   you   must   keep   in   mind.      One   of the    first    considerations    is    buying    from    a    recognized breeder   that   tests   their   animals.   There   are   a   number   of breeders   that   are   accredited   with   industry   regulators and   expert   organizations.      This   is   important   to   ensure that the goat you are buying is healthy.  Health Testing These   breeders   test   their   goats   regularly   for   diseases such    as    Caprine    Arthritis    and    Encephalitis    (CAE), Caseous     Lymphadenitis     (CL),     and     Paratubercolosis (Johne’s   Disease).   These   diseases   are   common   in   goats.     As   these   diseases   are   contagious   to   both   goats   and humans,   buying   a   sick   goat   could   endanger   the   health of   those   caring   for   them   as   well   as   other   goats   in   the area.      This   means   that   you   will   be   wasting   your   money on   a   goat   that   is   not   likely   to   survive.      What’s   more,   you might   also   have   to   spend   more   money   when   you   or   your other goats get sick.  Preparing Your Goat’s Home After   buying   your   first   goat,   you   have   to   consider   the space   where   the   goat   will   stay.      You   will   need   a   shelter where   your   goat   will   be   comfortable   and   healthy.      In some   cases,   the   fences   and   shelters   are   either   too   small or   not   sturdy   enough   to   cater   the   livestock.   Basically,   a goat   fence   should   be   around   4-feet   tall.   A   sturdy   goat fence    should    be    either    field    fencing,    cattle    or    hog panels,   or   reinforced   with   electric   wire.   In   building   a goat   shelter,   it   is   vital   to   consider   the   flooring,   bedding, dimensions,   climate,   herd   composition,   storage,   access to water, and general area for routine care. The   recommended   flooring   is   dirt   or   gravel   since   the materials   are   excellent   for   absorbing   urine.   The   bedding has   to   be   properly   insulated   so   putting   down   three   to four   inches   of   wood   shavings   or   straw   is   advised.      As   far as    the    dimensions    of    the    goat    shelter    is    concerned, goats    typically    require    ten    to    fifteen    square    feet    of housing if provided an outdoor area. The   shelter   must   also   be   designed   to   withstand   the climate    of    the    area.    Which    means    the    climate    will determine   whether   the   shelter   will   be   an   open   or   closed goat   shelter.   The   composition   of   the   herd   will   be   the determining   factor   on   how   big   the   shelter   will   become. It   is   also   advisable   to   have   a   storage   area   in   the   goat shelter   to   make   herding   tools   much   more   accessible. Lastly,   access   to   water   is   vital   since   it   saves   time   and energy    from    gathering    water    from    a    distant    water source. Caring for Your Goat’s Health It   is   imperative   to   monitor   the   health   of   the   goat.   There are   many   methods   in   checking   for   a   sick   goat.      A   farmer must    be    well    aware    of    the    difference    in    the    goat’s behavior.        Particularly    in    its    moaning    and    bleating.      Typically,   healthy   goats   are   quiet   animals   that   are   full   of energy.      Sick   goats,   on   the   other   hand,   tend   to   be   dull and   have   a   certain   bleat   that   indicates   that   they   are   ill.     It   is   important   to   recognize   these   signs   so   that   you   can attend   to   their   needs   immediately.      For   instance,   Goats who   are   suffering   from   lice   can   already   receive   Cythion at   a   monthly   interval.      A   solution   of   5%   Sevin   dust   is given for goats with dry skin and flaky dandruff.  It    is    also    important    to    note    that    goats    are    highly uncomfortable   during   the   summer.      This   is   a   time   when they   need   more   attention.      Be   extra   watchful   for   signs of   dullness   or   sluggishness.      It   is   all   the   more   necessary for   you   to   keep   their   shelter   comfortable   to   make   the summer   heat   bearable.      To   counter   the   heat,   you   have to   keep   your   goats   cool   by   ensuring   that   they   have ample   supply   of   water.      Other   ways   to   keep   them   cool would   be   to   freeze   their   vitamins   and   supplements   and then   mix   them   into   the   goats’   water   bucket   to   drink.      It would   also   help   to   spray   the   goats   with   cold   water   daily.     Be   careful,   however,   of   using   ice   cold   water   as   you   can shock them with the extreme change in temperature.  Making a Wise Investment in Goats When   you   keep   the   reminders   above   in   mind   when   you invest   in   goats,   you   have   a   good   chance   at   making   the most   of   your   investment.      Buying   your   first   goat   from   a respectable   breeder   who   tests   for   CAE,   CL,   and   Johne’s disease   gives   you   a   great   start.      What   you   do   after   you buy   your   goat,   however,   will   have   an   impact   on   whether or   not   you   will   succeed   in   goat   raising.      Be   sure   to   learn everything   you   can   about   proper   goat   raising   to   increase your   chances   of   having   a   growing   herd   of   healthy   goats.     You    can    then    start    reaping    the    benefits    of    your investment.      Note   that   this   will   take   some   time   and   a   lot of   effort   on   your   part.      Be   ready   with   the   knowledge   and tools to make the endeavor worthwhile.  There   is   no   denying   that   goats   are   some   of   the   most useful   animals   around.      Wanting   to   cash   in   on   this   fact is    but    natural.        More    than    the    profits,    you    have    to carefully   think   about   whether   or   not   you   are   ready   for the   responsibility   of   goat   raising.      You   cannot   expect   to earn   your   fortune   right   after   you   bring   your   first   goat home.      Do   your   homework   and   find   out   everything   you can   about   raising   goats   for   profit.      Put   in   the   elbow grease   to   make   sure   that   your   goats   have   the   provisions they   need.      Pretty   soon,   you   will   start   seeing   the   results of your hard work.